locations, township outlines, and other features useful to the New Hampshire researcher. Once again, it was reunited with Massachusetts in 1698. New Hampshire was an economic prosperity colony. Its charter was enacted on May 14, 1692, during the coregency of William and Mary, the joint monarchs of England, Scotland, and Ireland. It remained the Upper Province until 1679 when it became a "Royal Province". Most historical maps of New Hampshire were published in atlases and spans over 000 years of growth for the state.. [27] In 1857, the New Hampshire General Court passed a law officially ending slavery. The climate in colonial New Hampshire consisted of very cold winters and summers that were warm, but not very hot. Wentworth laid claim on behalf of the province to lands west of the Connecticut River, east of the Hudson River, and north of Massachusetts, issuing controversial land grants that were disputed by the Province of New York, which also claimed the territory. For a few years Dover was an independent colony named Northam. landmarks. After word of the Glorious Revolution reached Boston, Massachusetts authorities conspired to have Andros arrested and sent back to England. Montreal, to Lake Ontario, & the country westward from lake This left the New Hampshire towns without any colonial administration, just as King William's War erupted around them. Both claimed in 1908; territories formed in 1962 (British Antarctic Territory) and 1985 (South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands). [28], Seal of the Province of New Hampshire, 1692, • First royal charter issued, governance from 1680, • Second royal charter issued, governance from 1692, Executive Council of the Province of New Hampshire, outbreak of armed conflict at Lexington and Concord, List of colonial governors of New Hampshire, Learn how and when to remove this template message, HISTORICAL CENSUS STATISTICS ON POPULATION TOTALS BY RACE, 1790 TO 1990, AND BY HISPANIC ORIGIN, 1970 TO 1990, FOR THE UNITED STATES, REGIONS, DIVISIONS, AND STATES. Towns grew throughout New Hampshire, populated by colonists whose Puritan traditions were strong and who learned to harvest the bounty of the sea and forest to survive. To navigate map click on left, right or middle of mouse. Dover is the oldest continuous settlement in New Hampshire and the seventh oldest in the United States. The map has Twelve other colonies joined with New Hampshire in resisting attempts by the British Parliament to impose taxes. sc_invisible=1; Get directions, maps, and traffic for New Hampshire. The permanent settlement occurred in what is now the Dover Neck area. Powered by Create your own unique website with customizable templates. New Hampshire became known as the "Upper Province" of Massachusetts. www.sonofthesouth.net/revolutionary-war/maps/new-hampshire-map.htm The map includes the inscription, "His Excellency Benning Wentworth, These settlers were mostly intending to profit from the local fisheries. Son of the South. [3] Mason took the territory between the Piscataqua and Merrimack, and called it "New Hampshire", after the English county of Hampshire. The province was at first not strongly in favor of independence, but with the outbreak of armed conflict at Lexington and Concord many of its inhabitants joined the revolutionary cause. //-->. In 1629 a settlement built near present-day Rye was named New Hampshire after the English county of Hampshire. In 1641, they collectively agreed to be governed from Massachusetts, provided the towns retained self-rule, and that Congregational Church membership was not required for their voters (as it was in Massachusetts). The dual governorship became problematic in part because of territorial claims between Massachusetts and New Hampshire. Independence as part of the United States was confirmed with the 1783 Treaty of Paris. Vis unita fortior. accurate map of His Majesty's Province of New-Hampshire in In fact, for a time, the colonies of Massachusetts Bay and New Hampshire were joined. Europeans first settled New Hampshire in the 1620s, and the province consisted for many years of a small number of communities along the seacoast, Piscataqua River, and Great Bay. This is an original map created in 1757 which After Governor John Wentworth fled New Hampshire in August 1775, the inhabitants adopted a constitution in early 1776. google_ad_client = "pub-0597607016984461"; [9][10][11] In 1623, the first permanent English settlements, Dover and Rye, were established,[12][13][14] while Portsmouth was the largest city by 1773 with a population of 4,372. google_ad_height = 600; Eqr., His Majesty's Governor," numerous historical and descriptive Are you Scared and The settlements formed part of that colony until 1679, sending representatives to the Massachusetts legislature in Boston. Between 1699 and 1741, the province's governor was often concurrently the governor of the Province of Massachusetts Bay. The province's economy was dominated by timber and fishing. [20][21], Despite the initial Puritan mass migration also having a 2:1 male sex-imbalance like the British colonization of the Chesapeake Colonies,[22][23] unlike the Southern Colonies in the 17th century, most Puritan immigrants to New England migrated as families (as approximately two-thirds of the male Puritan immigrants to New England were married rather than unmarried indentured servants),[18][23] and in late 17th century New England, 3 percent of the population was over the age of 65 (while only 1 percent in the Chesapeake was in 1704). Portsmouth was founded one year later. New Hampshire Grants, in the period before the American Revolution, the territory that subsequently became the state of Vermont.The area was initially claimed by New Hampshire, and the first land grant there was issued in 1749 by the first governor of New Hampshire, Benning Wentworth.By 1764, 131 townships had been chartered. Cheshire County Courthouse is situated 850 feet northeast of Colony House. google_ad_slot = "8382670820"; Below is a list of New Hampshire Mines associated with the atlases in our collection. [24] By the American Revolutionary War, only two percent of the New England colonial labor force were bonded or convict laborers and another two percent were black slaves, while nine percent of the colonial black population in New England were free persons of color (as compared with only three percent in the Southern Colonies). Today it is the state of New Hampshire. His party included William Wentworth, whose descendants came to play a major role in colonial history. sc_partition=43; Old Historical Atlas Maps of New Hampshire. To view detailed map move small map area on bottom of map. Visit Winnipesaukee Beach Colony Club. Consequently, Charles issued a second charter in 1682 with Edward Cranfield as governor. sc_security="eb5ed5bc"; Site Copyright 2003-2018 Bounded on east and south by Massachusetts (Maine was part of Massachusetts), to the west by New York, and on the north by Canada, the colony was often caught in disputes between its more powerful neighbors. New Hampshire Imports - Tools - Books. What came and what went? The New Hampshire Historical Society has shared a series of historical photos and artifacts. Its spirit of independence is epitomized in the state motto–“Live Free or Die.” Map Date: 1827 Map Locations: Connecticut, Massachusetts and Rhode Island Map Publication: A New General Atlas, Comprising a Complete Set of Maps, representing the Grand Divisions of the Globe, Together with the several Empires, Kingdoms and States in the World; Compiled from the Best Authorities, and corrected … New Hampshire, one of the original 13 colonies, was the first state to have its own state constitution. The Province of New Hampshire was a colony of England and later a British province in North America. As a result, the lieutenant governors held significant power. It does have one of the slowest growth rates in the country at just 0.16%, which ranks 45th in the country. Wealthy New Hampshire citizens lived in two-story homes, but most occupied single-story houses, primarily log cabins. /* Revolutionary War 160x600, created 4/25/08 */ incredible details on terrain, rivers, streams, and other important 15. adjacent country northward to the River St. Lawrence, & eastward to Portsmouth was founded one year later. [10] The black population in the colony grew from 30 in 1640 to 674 in 1773 (ranging between 1 and 4 percent of the population),[9][10] but declined to 541 (or 0.6 percent of the population) by 1780. The children also attend schools and colleges. Finley’s 1827 State Map of Massachusetts, Connecticut and Rhode Island. Bellomont was the first in a series of governors who ruled both New Hampshire and the Province of Massachusetts Bay. By Samuel Langdon." Below are the major imports and exports. After a brief period as a separate province, the territory was absorbed into the Dominion of New England in 1686. New Hampshire was one of the original thirteen states that made up the country and was the first settlement to establish both a constitution as well as an independent government that was separate from Great Britain in January of 1776. Unlike the other colonies, this colony was not established for religious freedom, but trade to England. The controversy also resulted in the replacement of Wentworth by his nephew John, who would be the last royal governor of the province. Because of a general lack of government, the New Hampshire settlements sought the protection of their larger neighbor to the south, the Massachusetts Bay Colony. reputable freeholders and inhabitants within this colony, in the following manner, viz. [19][25] The 1783 Constitution of New Hampshire nominally abolished slavery (using language similar to a 1783 ruling by the Massachusetts Supreme Judicial Court),[26] while the 1790 U.S. Census still counted 158 slaves in the state (or 20 percent of the black population at the time), and the 1830 and 1840 U.S. Censuses counted three slaves and one slave respectively. Mason's heirs were in the meantime active in England, seeking to regain control of their territory, and Massachusetts was coming under increasing scrutiny by King Charles II. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit. https://www.mapquest.com/us/new-hampshire/colony-antiques-42507685 [2], Permanent English settlement began after land grants were issued in 1622 to John Mason and Sir Ferdinando Gorges for the territory between the Merrimack and Sagadahoc (Kennebec) rivers, roughly encompassing present-day New Hampshire and western Maine. New Hampshire's society cares about education and parents wish for their children to learn and read the Bible beginning at a young age. In 1679 Charles issued a charter establishing the Province of New Hampshire, with John Cutt as its first president. Mason and Gorges, neither of whom ever came to New England, divided their claims along the Piscataqua River in 1629. In 1741, King George II decreed what is now the border between Massachusetts and New Hampshire, and separated the governorships, issuing a commission to Benning Wentworth as New Hampshire governor. The New Hampshire Colony was classified as one of the New England Colonies. The name was first given in 1629 to the territory between the Merrimack and Piscataqua rivers on the eastern coast of North America, and was named after the county of Hampshire in southern England by Captain John Mason, its first named proprietor. [6] Exeter was founded in 1638 by John Wheelwright, after he had been banished from the neighboring Massachusetts Bay Colony for defending the teachings of Anne Hutchinson, his sister-in-law. The Province of New Hampshire was a colony of England and later a British province in North America. [18][19] Mass migration from New England to the provinces of New York and New Jersey began following the surrender of New Netherland by the Dutch Republic at Fort Amsterdam in 1664, and the population of New York would continue to expand more so by in-migration by families from New England in the 18th century rather than from natural increase. New England & all the New Hampshire was created as a proprietary colony, founded in 1623. Because of these wars the Indian population in the northern parts of the province declined, but settlements only slowly expanded into the province's interior. One of the 13 original U.S. states, it is located in New England at the extreme northeastern corner of the country. The timber trade, although lucrative, was a subject of conflict with the crown, which sought to reserve the best trees for use as ship masts. Following the war's conclusion in 1651, immigration to New England leveled off and the population growth owed almost entirely to natural increase rather than immigration or slave importations for the remainder of the 17th century and through the 18th century. The Province of New Hampshire was an English colony in North America that existed from 1638 until 1776, when it joined the other 12 of the 13 colonies in rebellion against Great Britain and became the U.S. state of New Hampshire. The name was first given in 1629 to the territory between the Merrimack and Piscataqua rivers on the eastern coast of North America, and was named after the county of Hampshire in southern England by Captain John Mason, its first named proprietor. Read a story of hope and encouragement, to help you face your fears. Samuel Allen, a businessman who had acquired the Mason claims, was appointed the first governor under the 1691 charter. [4], Conflicts between holders of grants issued by Mason and Gorges concerning their boundaries eventually led to a need for more active management. This section of the Plymouth Colony Archive presents articles and images of maps, charts and other representations of the landscape of Plymouth Colony and surrounding areas of New England. The province was partitioned into counties in 1769, later than the other twelve colonies that revolted against the British Empire. [11], In New Hampshire, as in other New England Colonies, the Puritan Congregational church was the established church in the colony, and in 1650, of the 109 places of worship with regular services in the eight British American colonies (including those without resident clergy), only three were located in New Hampshire and all three were Congregational. Those living in areas outside city suburbs generally lived in farm houses, with colonial-style architecture. In New Hampshire, the summers are not very humid, and in the winter, snowfall is extreme. The state motto of New Hampshire is "Live Free or Die." Constitution of New Hampshire - 1776 (1) ... DO Resolve, that this Congress assume the name, power and authority of a house of Representatives or Assembly for the Colony of New-Hampshire And that said House then proceed to choose twelve persons, being. [1] The seacoast was explored in the early years of the 17th century by English and French explorers, including Samuel de Champlain and John Smith. New Hampshire was one of the 13 original colonies of the United States and was founded in 1623. This practice ended completely in 1741, when Benning Wentworth was appointed governor. Our maps include: an outline map of the state of New Hampshire, two county maps (one with the county names listed and the other without), and two major city maps (one with ten city names and one with location dots). The Cheshire County Courthouse, located at 12 Court Street in Keene, New Hampshire, is the center of government of Cheshire County, New Hampshire. [5] After Mason died in 1635, the colonists and employees of Mason appropriated many of his holdings to themselves. A residential community in Meredith, New Hampshire. In 1630, Captain Walter Neale was sent as chief agent and governor of the lower settlements on the Piscataqua (including Strawbery Banke, present-day Portsmouth), and in 1631 Captain Thomas Wiggin was sent to govern the upper settlements, comprising modern-day Dover, Durham and Stratham.